OxfordDictionaries.com update: Gen Z, fidget spinner, and cheat day join the dictionary

As Oxford University Press today welcomes a new  batch of words to OxfordDictionaries.com, its free online dictionary of current English, now seems like a good time to take a deep dive into what has been included.

The youngsters of Generation  Z or Gen Z, the generation reaching adulthood in the second decade of the 21st century, make their linguistic mark as they dab—a dance move originating in hip hop and often performed as part of a celebration—or play with their fidget  spinners.

Technology also continues to be an ever-pervasive theme as people put their devices into airplane  mode, take screen grabs, or face swap with their friends, pets, or favourite celebrities.

Following high-profile election  days across the globe in 2017, we are now able to enact an ambush interview to accuse our politicians of being snollygosters—a 19th century term referring to a shrewd, unprincipled person, especially a politician—or of doing things backasswards. We also see the addition of ultra-left and ultra-right, to describe the extreme ends of the political spectrum.

Achcha! During this updation (an Indian English term for the process of updating something), we welcome Indian English words like chakka jam, a traffic jam, and dadagiri, a noun for intimidating, coercive, or bullying behaviour. Turning to food, mirch masala, an Indian spice blend, and namkeen, a small savoury snack or dish in India, now feature in the dictionary. About time for a cheat day, we say…

Other words added to OxfordDictionaries.com: 

Breviloquent adjective: Using very few words; concise

Bug bounty noun: A reward offered to a person who identifies an error or vulnerability in a computer program or system

Civic nationalism noun: A political attitude of devotion to and vigorous support for one's country combined with a feeling of shared community with fellow citizens, especially as contrasted with a similar attitude based on ethnicity, race, or religion

Clicktivist noun: A person who shows supports for a political or social cause via the Internet by means such as social media or online petitions, typically in a way characterized as involving little effort or commitment

Hicksville noun: A place regarded as provincial and unsophisticated

Non-denial noun: A statement that appears to deny that something is true but does not in fact constitute a rebuttal of the specific claim or accusation

Popcorn movie noun: A film that is perceived as entertaining but lacking in depth or artistic merit

Puggle noun: A dog that is a crossbreed of a pug and a beagle: he’s a puggle, a beagle and pug mix, sporting a permanently frowny face

Robo-adviser noun: An online application that provides automated financial guidance and services

Sanctuary city noun: (in North America) A city whose municipal laws tend to protect undocumented immigrants from deportation or prosecution, despite federal immigration law

Self-care noun: The practice of taking action to preserve or improve one's own health

Silent Generation noun: The generation of people born before that of the baby boomers (roughly from the mid 1920s to the mid 1940s), perceived to tend towards conformism or restraint in their outlook and behaviour

State-building noun: The activity of building or strengthening the institutions and infrastructure of a weak or failing state, typically by a foreign power

Surge pricing noun: The practice of charging more for a product or service during periods when it is in high demand

Sweetheart deal noun: An arrangement or agreement reached privately by two sides in an unofficial or illicit way

Triple threat noun: a person, especially a performer or athlete, who is proficient in three important skills within their particular field

Read more about the words that have been added in this update on the Oxford Words blog: http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/fidget-spinner-generation-z-new-words-update.

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What’s the difference  between OxfordDictionaries.com and the Oxford English Dictionary (OED)?
 The new entries mentioned above have been added to OxfordDictionaries.com, not the OED.

 The English language dictionary content on OxfordDictionaries.com focuses on current English and includes modern meanings of words and associated usage examples.

 The OED, on the other hand, is a historical dictionary and forms a record of all the core words and meanings in English over more than 1,000 years, from Old English to the present day, including many obsolete and historical terms.  

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